Posts tagged ‘marketing’

Follow up : Taeyang’s SOLAR album launching campaign example, part 2

This is a quick follow-up of the previous article.

It seems the anticipation marketing campaign surrounding Taeyang’s SOLAR album release worked quite well :

– all the 30 000 deluxe edition copies have been sold

– the normal edition has been released

– the album has rather good rankings on online charts

– Taeyang has already ranked #1 on several music shows these past weeks (check his first win, I think, here).

Taeyang winning 1st spot...

– the new MV has been released : here (check here for the previous version). It was apparently met with more success than the 1st version…

– Taeyang is in full promotion mode : singing live often, and always getting cheering.

Picture from the new MV

So it seems quite safe to say this campaign was a success, mostly because  Taeyang delivered (it’s not the case for all the artists promoted this way in Korea – some don’t deliver, and since the anticipation is usually made to be really high, the downfall is even harder…). It is not a blasting success, with his single being played all the time everywhere for example, shooting Taeyang at a superstar status. Rather, it is a moderate success, and it’s what I tend to think the plan was.

Still, Taeyang remains quite special among Korean popular artists because he doesn’t try to follow the trend. Being successful while not following the trend is quite an achievement in a country like this ! This is the true success of this campaign.

Good job !

———–

2010/07/20 update :

I forgot to mention the fact that Taeyang’s album was very well received outside of Korea, as soon as it was released through iTunes stores, especially in Canada and the USA (for more details about that, check a recent interview here, and its translation in English here). It was met with success in South-Korea only after a while, whereas it was an instant success on these iTunes stores… Taeyang’s music seems to have an international appeal that several other Korean artists can only dream of. This makes him “someone to watch” I guess ! We’ll see how far this will lead him to.

But using an online marketing strategy to promote his new album sure was a clever move considering all this : there’s no better way to reach people all around the world ! And it’s been a great success so far (and keeps getting more attention and success).

———–

Another artist of the same company will soon release his come-back album. Se7en (the artist in question) is about to come back on the Korean music scene after a failed break-out in the US back in 2007 (after starting his career in Korea in 2003). He hasn’t released any new music since that time, which is the equivalent of being like dead for an entertainer in South-Korea !

The strategy built around his comeback is the same as for Taeyang’s album. The difference lies in the fact that Se7en has more experience and more albums released than Taeyang, so the expectations are probably not the same. And Se7en’s new music doesn’t seem to be the same kind as Taeyang’s…

The campaign : Se7en has a special teaser put on the entertainment company main page, as well as a special website for him. The titles of his album tracks have also been revealed not all at the same time. But there doesn’t seem to be a deluxe edition, and there is only one preview of just one song (not a minute-long preview of 7 songs).

I’m not going to focus on this campaign (except if something interesting about it comes up), but I just wanted to point out the similarity of the two campaigns, probably because both are artists of the same company.

Se7en teaser

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July 16, 2010 at 10:50 pm Leave a comment

“Anticipation” marketing in South-Korea – Taeyang’s SOLAR album launching campaign example

It seems that South-Korean advertisers are the kings of “anticipation” (or “teasing” ?) marketing.

After Hyundai’s “Shouting Korea” World Cup campaign (see here and here), that was launched gradually through teaser pictures and videos this past spring, summer kicks off strong with the following music campaign, promoting the first solo album (titled SOLAR) of singer Taeyang (from the group BigBang, featured in the Shouting Korea campaign).

Background

Let’s start by pointing out that Taeyang is a member of a very famous band. He had already released a solo “mini-album” (titled “HOT”) back in 2008. The mini-album was met with a huge success, as well as the two following digital singles released in 2009. The other members of the group also did some solo activities (more or less, depending on each member), and all of them were successful, benefiting from the group popularity and each member’s own style. So, we are talking here about how the first “full” album (11 songs, 13 for the deluxe edition) of an already famous singer (but mostly famous for his group activities, from the eyes of the general audience) was promoted. The launching campaign can’t be the same as the ones made to promote new groups to the audience (although there are similarities).

Since the singer is already known by a part of the audience, his public image is important. And, in Taeyang’s case, his public image is one of a nice, hard-working and sensible hot young man.

So, what was done to promote his new album ?

The promoting campaign

Well, Korean entertainment companies love to create anticipation, so this campaign was all about continuously building anticipation until the release of the album. And it was (and still is) mostly an online campaign.

– In early June, rumors started to spread about a potential upcoming release of a new album by Taeyang. The news was later confirmed by his company.

– Then, the company launched a special website, on which they revealed the title of a song each day, up until the whole album songlist got complete.

At the beginning...

– And they didn’t stop here ! Then, the same way, the company put a minute-long audio extract of a song each day for the last week, up until the release of the album (on July 1st). Fans loved that ! This was a good way to have a first taste of the music.

The complete tracklist...

– All the while, anticipation was built around the title track through the release of pictures (including through Twitter) taken on the set of the shooting of the music video, featuring his best friend and fellow group leader G-dragon, as well as the popular singer and actress from the same company Sandara Park (therefore grabbing the interest from both boys and girls).

– On D-Day, Taeyang performed three of his songs on a special stage.

He is now starting the “promotion” phase of the launching of his solo album : live performances, interviews, probably talk shows, etc… (he talks a little about all these here)

Not just an album…

But there is also another aspect about this campaign : what was released on July 1st was the digital version of the album (available on pretty much every Korean online music platform), as well as the limited (30 000 copies) “deluxe” edition – the normal edition will only be released on July 12th !

Again, here, it was all about anticipation ! The entertainment company even put a special pop-up online a day before the release to tell at about what time the album was going to be available in stores (starting at 0:00 AM for the online downloading, 9:30-10:00 AM for the deluxe edition, both online and offline), and when the music video would be released (in the evening, during the first performance) so that eager fans could plan on when to storm in the stores !

When and where to get the deluxe edition...

The result ? The deluxe edition went out of stock almost as soon as it was released ! Anticipation was so high that it seemed really difficult to get one’s hand on the precious package ! And the songs have also met a huge success on legal downloading platforms.

Let’s talk about this deluxe edition. It is a special packaging, quite pretty apparently, and it contains bonuses : 2 more songs, a special packaging (compared to the normal edition), a special limited T-shirt, a 68 color picture book, a special autographed picture and a YG Family (the entertainment company) card with a special number to get cool presents through the website (including a free coupon to have the title song as the backgroung music of your cyworld page) and opportunities to take part in events this summer.

Content of the deluxe edition, as presented by the company on the website...

From having seen several special packages of Korean CDs, I can tell you they can make really pretty and shiny packagings ! It sure tempts you ! No wonder fans, with all this anticipation, rushed on this deluxe edition !

We’ll see if the success will last on the long term, but right now, this marketing strategy proved to be a huge success !

Except for …

… the music video.

A Music video had also been released (after a behind-the-scenes teaser – again !), but was oddly taken off from the official channels soon afterwards... Was it because the response was not good enough (including a part of the fans who didn’t like it, some even asking for it to be remade !) ? When will it be aired again ? Will it be changed ? We’ll see… Anyway, it was neither a dancing video nor a “music drama” video.

But there is also some kind of controversy about the choice of the title track : since it is quite different from what is usually released these days in mainstream Korean music charts (mainly dance groups or solo ballads), it seems to be disturbing for a part of the Korean audience. Some fans write that others songs would have been better suited as the title song… which is something the entertainment company had anticipated since it had stated in its press releases that the choice of the title track was unusual but that it was the artist’s choice and that people would like it after listenning to it…

This makes following this campaign quite interesting : on one part it is really successful, but there are a few points (basically, things that are “unusual”) that could lessen the success of the overall campaign.

Creativity vs downloading

I guess this whole “teasing marketing” widely used in South-Korea is at least partially due to the fact that music files can always be found for illegal downloading online as soon as the album is released (and even before sometimes : cases of songs that had been leaked to the public before the official release already happened !). This happens for different reasons, one being because the Hallyu reached people from all around the world, who can’t all buy in Korea and who are glad to find songs from their favorites artists any way they can. Although this company has started to make its artists’ new songs available through worldwide iTunes stores (starting this spring with a digital single from one of Taeyang’s bandmate) – in order to prevent too much illegal downloading, or because they noticed the international audience and needs ? – most companies don’t do so.

South-Korea, a country with high-speed Internet connection, is a country where downloading seems “normal” for young people. Thats’ probably why music albums are usually sold in beautiful packages, and in several editions (normal, deluxe, revised, …). Creativity is used to offer something more than music, so that people will by CDs. Nowadays, the CD isn’t enough. Performances are also a great way to please the fans and make money.

Such a campaign aims at reducing the negative effects of illegal downloading, by creating the desire for the fans to buy the album (either deluxe or not) through great packaging and special content (the normal edition offers a smaller photobook and a family card too). But it also tries to reach to non-fans through performances, support from other famous artists, …

This kind of strategies work real fine in South-Korea (and it also seems to work well in Japan). It shows once more that Internet is a great tool to promote an artist. Who still thinks Internet is bad for music (after other successful examples of different kinds, like artists discovered through MySpace, or the success of the French My Major Company) ?

July 3, 2010 at 9:54 pm 1 comment

Marketing in Korea – Hyundai “Shouting Korea” World Cup campaign (part 2)

I already introduced you to the Hyundai “Shouting Korea” campaign for the Soccer World Cup 2010 here. Now that all the videos have been released, here’s a follow-up article.

Hyundai “Shouting Korea” full campaign

All these have been released one after the other throughout the whole month of May, 2010.

Teaser : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGax0ph6yKA

Campaign website : http://worldcup.hyundai.com/

Video #1 : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UyzqBzjzmOQ

Video #2 : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3FIbLQlEOeI

Video #3 : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-CrhyDa2sAE

Video #4 : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9LQ8jGE1fd4 > I think it’s the funnier one.

Video #5 : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HUBT9hjDmBA

“Learn the dance steps” video : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BrKSVJfR7RA

Music Video for the song : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0a8hllj6bg

There are also several “making-of” videos, in-front and behind-the-scenes pictures, and the song was performed at one World Cup concert in Seoul already.

http://cafe.naver.com/bjphone/918381

A few words

This whole campaign covers quite a wide range of goals : selling World Cup goods (like T-shirts), having people take part in contests, selling the digital single, … as well as promoting Hyundai’s corporate image and a cheering spirit for the National team. This kind of mix of different worlds (big car company, music, sports, national spirit) is not seen that often in France (I think). Usually, we try to focus on only a few goals, worlds, or concepts, in order not to get lost in too many objectives. Is that a cultural difference or something else ?

In addition, this campaign has been released in a packed time, with Buddha’s anniversary in late May and elections in early in June. This means that there’s a lot of activity and advertisement going on right now in Korea. And the FIFA World Cup is a huge event for Korean people since it enables their country to be represented on the International scene (in a better way than the usual one – conflict between the two Koreas). Therefore, there’s also been many advertisement campaigns released with a “World Cup” theme. Many idol music groups, among the most popular ones, have also released special songs for the World Cup this month.

This campaign is therefore not a brand new concept, but it still stands out because of some specificities.

http://blog.naver.com/lynn600?Redirect=Log&logNo=10086575332

Whereas the teaser video and pictures and the music video are common campaign material, the 5-videos-long story, as well as the “teaching the cheering dance steps” concept are different.

Korean singers sometimes tell a story through several music-videos for their songs, therefore offering something like a musical short movie. So, the 5-videos story concept is not really alien to the Korean audience, but quite new in this case, since these videos are not music videos, and not telling a drama story. This format creates anticipation and excitement. And no other company or idol group has done so for the World Cup so far, in Korea, so this format makes the campaign stand out from the rest.

Plus, in this technology-driven society that is South-Korea, Korean netizens (people looking for any piece of news regarding their stars – they can be really scarily fast to find out things and spread the word out) were here given something to work on (try and find out new pictures, etc…, guess what the next video was going to be about, etc…). This shows that this campaigns is really adapted to its target audience.

Choosing one of the top idol bands of the country and the National ice-skating queen, all acting their own public roles, makes sure that both male and female citizen of pretty much all ages could be touched or interested by this campaign. Where idol groups’ songs mainly appeal to teenagers, Hyundai “Shouting Korea” campaign has the capacity to appeal to almost every Korean citizen, and this is also why it particularly stands out.

http://blog.naver.com/r_pink_21?Redirect=Log&logNo=120107255051

Finally, the campaign clearly wants to involve its audience in the process, through the cheering dance, contests, concert, etc… This is a good way to get people interested. Surely enough, young people are already learning the dance steps, and we may get to see this cheering dance in South-Africa (if so, that would be a big proof of the huge success the campaign would have had). We already witnessed in the previous 2002 and 2006 World Cups the group-oriented cheerful cheering spirit of Korean supporters, so this part of the campaign (teaching the dance steps) is not odd at all (but it would sure be in France or in the USA), and quite new also. Another thing that make this campaign stand out.

So, it seems that this campaign really stands out and is interesting to take a look at. It is also a good way to see how to communicate effectively in South-Korea in terms of marketing and communications. If you have any further comment, remark or question about this campaign, please comment in the comment section below !

In France, two stores offer to pay back big plasma or LCD TV screens if the French team wins the World Cup …. (meaning that they do not have high hopes for the French team to succeed)… It’s another context (it’s much more common for the French team to take part in the FIFA World Cup than for the South-Korean team), another culture, another spirit …

May 26, 2010 at 3:55 pm 2 comments

Marketing in Korea – Hyundai “Shouting Korea”, with KIM Yuna and BIGBANG

The buzz

These past weeks, there’s been a “buzz” going on in Korea (especially in the Kpop World) :

– Hyundai company revealed different pictures on different days, featuring Korea pop-sensation group BIGBANG with the Nation’s little ice-skating queen, KIM Yuna (and “Commercial Queen”).

(source of both pictures : http://seoulbeats.com/2010/05/kim-yuna-in-cornrows/ )

A very good way to get the buzz started !!

From the red-colored clothes, I first guessed that it was probably about the upcoming Soccer World Cup (I know Korean people are crazy about Soccer – especially when it comes to cheering their National team). But why is it a campaign led by Hyundai ? I saw at the end of the video that Hyundai is an official partner of the 2010 World Cup …

The “Shouting Korea” campaign

– Now, one month before the start of the World Cup in South Africa, the “Shouting Project” website has been launched here.

One video has already been revealed to the public, and four more are supposed to be revealed up to the beginning of the World Cup, as well as a music video for the cheering song (1). The whole is supposed to tell a story.

Here’s the link to the video : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UyzqBzjzmOQ

Basically, in this video, the members of BIGBANG are trying to find a good way to cheer for their National Soccer team. They decide to create a song (since they are singers), and go out to find people with loud voices to shout with them.

It seems that the campaign’s purpose is to create a “cheering spirit” in Korea, through a World Cup cheering song (nothing new, since for at least the two past World Cups, Korea star singers have released World Cup Cheering songs, and other groups are planning to do so for the 2010 one), contest to win tickets to some World Cup plays, … and it’s a good way to promote Hyundai.

Anyway, put together KIM Yuna, who is known by pretty much every Korean citizen since she is so successfull on the International scene (2), and BIGBANG, one of the most popular and respected pop-idol Korean group these days (and also famous all accross Asian countries),  and you know you are facing a campaign aimed at the whole nation, and that relies on National Pride (through the success of Korean athletes, singers and companies at the International level) !!

I wonder how it will turn out … and what kind of benefits it will bring for Hyundai. We’ll see that later.

Sport marketing in Korea vs in France

What’s sure is that the World Cup is always seen as a good opportunity in Korea for making commercials, or releasing cheering songs sung by the country’s most popular singers. These days, many commercials are being released (or on their way to be) with a World Cup theme, and used to sell all kinds of products. The National spirit seems to be a good seller in Korea !

It’s interesting when we compare that to the situation in France : in France, people are only wondering about which players will be selected in the National team, and there is no national euphoria about the Soccer World Cup, and I didn’t see any ad using the World Cup theme yet (maybe I didn’t look hard enough). Why is that so ? Isn’t Soccer the #1 popular sport in France ?

I’ve seen commercials in 2002, when the French team was still the World Champion team, but not much afterwards … It seems that in France, sport only sells when our team is the winner. In Korea, sports sells as long as the country is represented on the International level (Olympic Games, Soccer World Cup, …), and even more when Koreans win.

What do you think ?

Anyway, I guess I will enjoy watching the Korean supporters during the World Cup. The 1st time I became aware of them was during the 2002 World Cup : they caught the hearts of several people around me too, for their genuine supporting spirit, euphoria and fair-play.

I guess I will cheer for the Korean team too, no matter how far or not they go, just because it’s fun and nice.

___________________

(1) : Source : http://www.mydaily.co.kr/news/read.html?newsid=201005111042591112&ext=na

(2) See the following article to learn more about the marketing surrounding KIM Yuna.

____________

May 14th update : the second video has been released (check it out here)

May 12, 2010 at 3:44 pm 2 comments

Korea and the world – culture and entertainment – the Hallyu – part 1

I will try to post a series of articles about the 한류 (Hallyu), first defining what it is for people who are new to this phenomenom, and then trying to analyse some of its components, what kind of conclusions we can draw from it, etc.

1- What is the Hallyu ?

Where does the term come from and what does it define ?

If you are not familiar with Korean entertainment and culture, you may not have heard of the term “Hallyu” until now. Let’s start by saying that it’s pretty sure it’s because of this phenomenom that I became interested in Korea in the first place – and everything that followed (I am very fond of this country, its people, its food, its culture, everything … well, almost (too much confucianism can be quite heavy to bear)) !! Without that, I doubt I would have travelled to Korea. And I wouldn’t have been able to see the results of this phenomenom with my own eyes in several asian countries.

So, now, have I triggered your curiosity ?

Well, if we just look at the word :

– ‘한’ (“han”) is the character meaning ‘Korea’ (as in ‘한국’ -> Korean country, ‘한국어’ or ‘한국말’ -> the Korean language, …) – it is also the character said to define the very unique Korean feeling (the “Han”), the supposedly very essence of what Korea and being Korean is, but it’s not the topic here,

– and ‘류’ (“ryu”) appears to be a Sino-Korean term (a big part of the Korean language is derived from Chinese characters) that means  ‘current’ (like current in the water, or the current of time), meaning a ‘flow of something’ (in this case, a ‘flow of Korea’), but it is more commonly translated as ‘wave’ in this case.

Therefore, if you put the two characters together, you get “Korean wave” – that is the commonly used translation of this word. And it’s actually quite a suitable term for what it defines : a Korean wave that reached the shores of pretty much every Asian country, and even made its way to the West (USA, Europe) – just not as strongly as in Asia, and even reached Middle-Eastern countries !

It’s not surprising that the word used to describe this case comes from the Chinese language (mandarin, to be precise) … since it is said that it was the Chinese journalists themselves who first used it (created it) to describe what they observed, back in the late 90s ! The Korean people then started using this word too, and so now it remains the only word used to describe this phenomenom.

So, let’s dig deeper now, and see what this whole “Korean wave” is all about.

Here’s a short definition of it that I found on the Korean Internet : 1990년대 말부터 동남아시아에서 일기 시작한 한국 대중문화의 열풍 (1). According to it, the Korean wave is the sudden popularity of Korean mass culture observed all around Asia since the late 90s. Basically, in 1996, Korean dramas (TV series) were being exported to China (I don’t know if it was the first time or if it had occured in the past), and there, they were met with a huge success, and within two years a ‘Korea frenzy’ had started, as Korean singers had also started to be appreciated outside their own country.

Winter Sonata : the drama that triggered the Hallyu in Japan. (2)

Photo credit : http://movie.naver.com/movie/bi/mi/photo.nhn?code=39492#ps

.

But it’s not all about China : Japan had its share in the process. Korean tearjerking drama “Winter Sonata” (겨울 연가, 2002 – I haven’t seen it but heard so much about it !) won the hearts of countless Japanese women, starting the Korean frenzy in Japan. To give you some idea about how big its success was, I saw with my own eyes tons of Japanese magasines with Bae Yong-joon, the lead actor of “Winter Sonata”, on their covers in Japan, in 2009 – several years after the drama first aired ! I also noticed places in Seoul clearly targeted at Japanese tourists since they also use his image to sell. Here’s a picture I took in Seoul this fall :

Proofs that the Hallyu is still on... (photo by Nathalie Veldhuizen, do not copy without permission)

The man on the poster in the middle is no one else than Bae Yong-joon, and he is surrounded by products with images of other famous Hallyu stars.

So, to sum it all up : ‘Hallyu’ is the expression created by Chinese journalists in late 90s-early 2000 to describe the Korean cultural success across Asia (and the world). Its most visible manifestations are all the Korean cultural products (TV series, movies, CDs, …) and stars (actors, singers, multi-entertainers) that are famous all around Asia (from Japan to Malaysia, through China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Philipines, …). In the West, it’s mostly through Korean movies (in Europe), or Korean idol bands that the Asian-American young people like, that we can see the Hallyu. But the Hallyu has also reached the shores of South-American countries, Russia, Central Asian countries, and even the African continent … The Korean Wave sure is a big wave !

I will explain more about things like the developpement of the Korean wave, its key players, the strategies adopted by Korea to use this phenomenom to promote their country, and other aspects of this huge and interesting topic in upcoming articles (hence the “part 1” on this article’s title).

Sources :

(1) http://100.naver.com/100.nhn?docid=771137

(2) Photo credit : http://movie.naver.com/movie/bi/mi/photo.nhn?code=39492#ps

————————————————————————————-

Creative Commons License
Korea and the world – culture and entertainment – the Hallyu – part 1 by Nathalie VELDHUIZEN is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 France License. (except the pictures)
Based on a work at eyeswideopen21.wordpress.com.

March 26, 2010 at 11:55 am 4 comments

Coca-Cola : quelles images pour quelles cultures ? (le cas de Coke Zero) – dossier de Master 1

Dossier, au sujet totalement libre, réalisé dans le cadre du cours de sémiotique de Master 1 à l’ICOMTEC, en 2007-2008.

Intéressée par la communication interculturelle, j’ai proposé à mon équipe ce sujet. Nous avons étudié les différentes communication autour en particulier du lancement de Coke Zero, en Europe, Corée du Sud et Chine.

March 15, 2010 at 3:37 pm 3 comments

Le marketing des stars en Corée – l’exemple de KIM Yuna

English version here

KIM Yuna, patineuse artistique sud-coréenne de 19 ans, vient de remporter une médaille d’or aux Jeux Olympiques.

J’ai eu l’occasion de constater son statut de star/idole nationale dans son pays natal lors de mon séjour de 5 semaines en Corée du Sud cet hiver. KIM Yuna est ce qu’on appelle “bankable” : son nom (et surtout son image) fait vendre. Beaucoup ! (en Corée du Sud) De tout ! Des entreprises de nouvelles technologies telles Samsung, jusqu’aux oeuvres caritatives (j’ai par exemple reçu des autocollants de Noël à son effigie pour le compte de la Korean National Tuberculosis Association alors que je parcourais le campus de Yonsei, à Séoul), son succès (et sa beauté) l’ont rendue omniprésente. Je ne compte pas le nombre de jeunes coréens qui m’ont demandé si je la connaissais !

Il me semble que, dès lors qu’un artiste ou sportif sud-coréen commence à être connu en dehors de son propre pays, il acquiert un statut de star internationale dans son pays, et se retrouve alors sollicité pour vendre un peu tout et n’importe quoi. Son image fait vendre (alors qu’en France, ce phénomène ne fonctionne que dans une moindre mesure, avec des personnalités telles que Zinedine Zidane) et l’artiste ou le sportif se retrouve alors plus ou moins omniprésent dans son pays, par le biais de publicités.

Le nom de KIM Yuna, tout comme ceux du footballeur PARK Jiseung et du nageur PARK Taehwan, est connu – et loué – par la majorité des coréens. Il n’est donc pas surprenant de découvrir que KIM Yuna et PARK Taehwan ont aussi été recrutés comme ambassadeurs de leur pays par la campagne de communication Dynamic Korea. Cette campagne, renouvelée chaque année, vise à promouvoir l’image de la Corée à l’étranger, et utilise depuis plusieurs années déjà les images de nombreuses stars sud-coréennes (acteurs, chanteurs, sportifs) – surfant ainsi sur la Hallyu (la vague coréenne – du soft power efficace en asie et qui commence à rayonner plus largement).

Que pensez-vous de l’usage marketing intensif de “stars nationales” en Corée du Sud ? Et du fait que cela semble fonctionner pour l’instant ?

Quelques articles :

http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/art/2010/02/143_61501.html
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/sports/2010/02/136_61511.html
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/sports/2010/02/136_61499.html

http://www.lemonde.fr/sport/article/2010/02/26/la-millionnaire-des-glaces_1311671_3242.html#xtor=AL-32280340

http://www.lemonde.fr/sport/article/2010/02/26/rivalites-nippo-sud-coreennes-sur-terre-comme-sur-glace_1311672_3242.html

February 27, 2010 at 10:20 am Leave a comment

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